[读书] Isherwood: 柏林故事

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Jun
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[读书] Isherwood: 柏林故事

Post by Jun » 2020-12-11 20:45

因为 messer 转的关于柏林的帖子,我忍不住去把 Christopher Isherwood 年轻时写的小说集柏林故事搜出来看。前半本是一部中篇小说,Mr. Norris Changes Trains,以前是没看过的,这是第一次。

我觉得很多书吧,也不是说必须要到多大年纪才能看云云(少不读水浒,老不读三国,等等) ,而是年轻时根本看不懂,或者看不懂大半。我十几岁时读 Sally Bowles,连同性恋是啥个东东都不知道,看个毛啊,居然还念念不忘也真是奇了。

Mr. Norris Changes Trains 出版于1935年,那时 Isherwood 才31岁。小说里各种关于弯男的春秋笔法真是多姿多彩,也许在当时的英国文学里不算什么,恨正常,大家都心照不宣地采用,但我现在看来就神奇得很。里面形形色色的弯男角色,有些是几乎摊开直说,而有些遮遮掩掩,大放烟雾弹。例如,中年男骗子 Arthur Norris 把忘年交青涩男 William Bradshaw (叙述者) 拉皮条给德国贵族男 Pregnitz 当新宠,这三个人当然都是弯的,但是作者就把他们各自写出花来:Pregnitz 的做派言行,被赤裸裸地描述为弯男;Norris 是品味精美说话嗲气,但作者给他分配了一个喜欢被妓女抽打屁股的 kink 蒙混过去,而看着就很象他自己的叙述者,狡猾地暗示自己是直男,虽然毫不扭捏地跟着 Pregnitz 出去滑雪。小说最后还直接通过一个女记者之口说:"You knew Pregnitz was a fairy, of course?"

把我看呆了。不知道是出戏还是狂笑。然后叙述者厚着脸皮回答:"I rather guessed something of the kind." 好错乱啊。

还有些其他感想,不过最强烈的感想与小说中的社会背景相关。故事背景是1931-1933年的柏林,从自由放荡的环境急剧恶化到纳粹当道,虽然不是故事中心但寥寥几笔的描述看了让我非常寒,脖子后面的汗毛倒立。
There had been one scandal too many. The exhausted public had been fed with surprises to the point of indigestion... Berlin was in a state of civil war. Hate exploded suddenly, without warning, out of nowhere; at street corners, in restaurants, cinemas, dance halls, swimming baths... Knives were whipped out, blows were dealt with spiked rings, beer-mugs, chair-legs or leaded clubs...
My pupils ... shook their heads, apologising to me for the state of Germany. "Dear, dear!" they said, "it's terrible. It can't go on."
Isherwood 从1929年到1933年住在柏林,这些都是他亲身经历和体验的一手描述。小说中也少量描写了共产党在柏林的聚会和活动。1932年纳粹曾在选举中被挫败,而共产党在选举中赢得重要议会席位。观望群众都松一口气,以为纳粹党要倒了,中间派兴登堡当选总统,终于能带来平衡而稳定的局面了。然而虚假的阳光没照耀两天就灭了,随着经济恶化,更加动荡,希特勒上台,纳粹自导自演“国会纵火案”,借机围剿之前活跃的共产党,并扩大打倒一切政敌,终于上台大权在握。何其眼熟。
Germany is awake, he said. ... Uniformed Nazis strode hither and thither, with serious, set faces, as though on weighty errands. The newspaper readers by the cafe turned their heads to watch them pass and smiled and seemed pleased.
"Hell, what I mean, one feels such a darn fool." He had become exceedingly cautious. He wouldn't refer to politics at all, even when we were alone together. "Eventually it had to happen," was his only comment on the new regime. As he said this, he avoided my eyes.
-------

小说前半部分是轻松闲适的口吻,大家天天吃喝派对,轻松自在,歌舞升平,老骗子 Norris 自称共产党粉丝,还上台慷慨陈词,游戏一样好笑。后半部情节与时局一样迅速恶化,突然就从现实主义轻喜剧变成了国际间谍 thriller,简直象假的一样,然而参考历史这又明明是真的。柴米油盐的正常生活突然崩溃坍塌,无比真实,才更让人惊骇。

Arthur Norris 的原型是 Gerald Hamilton,去看了一下他的维基条目,呵呵,真是比小说里更夸张的存在呢。More about Hamilton:
https://www.spectator.co.uk/article/the ... nt-bounder

比较象间谍小说的后半部分,好几次让我想起了 Graham Greene 的 The Quiet American,尤其是 Norris 和 Bradshaw 之间既有友谊又有怨恨的矛盾关系,颇为眼熟,他俩也是一老头(好吧中年)一青年。我相当怀疑 Greene 是受到了一定影响的。
Last edited by Jun on 2020-12-11 21:41, edited 3 times in total.
There was nothing to warn anyone about. The world went on, even as it fell apart, changed irrevocably, became something strange and different. --- "Acceptance" in The Southern Reach Trilogy by Jeff VanderMeer

笑嘻嘻
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Re: [读书] Isherwood: 柏林故事

Post by 笑嘻嘻 » 2020-12-11 21:00

希望历史不要重演。
云浆未饮结成冰

豪情
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Re: [读书] Isherwood: 柏林故事

Post by 豪情 » 2020-12-12 2:10

毛骨悚然
却将万字平戎策 换得东家种树书

Jun
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Re: [读书] Isherwood: 柏林故事

Post by Jun » 2020-12-12 12:25

在小说的结尾,Norris 写信给叙述者,里面有一句简直了:
It is indeed tragic to see how, even in these days, a clever and unscrupulous lair can deceive millions.
:doh:

I pretty much yelled at my kindle: "It's not deception!"
There was nothing to warn anyone about. The world went on, even as it fell apart, changed irrevocably, became something strange and different. --- "Acceptance" in The Southern Reach Trilogy by Jeff VanderMeer

Jun
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Re: [读书] Isherwood: 柏林故事

Post by Jun » 2020-12-21 15:03

自从听说 Truman Capote 跟 Isherwood 很熟之后,怎么看 Sally Bowles 怎么让我联想到 Breakfast at Tiffany's,简直是 rip off 嘛。

随手搜了一下关于 Breakfast at Tiffany's 的背景,发现不仅很多女人跳出来自称是 Holly Golightly 的原型,而且至今仍有巨量女观众和女读者极其热爱这部电影,代入女主角。嗯,白女文化真是自有一套啊。

Holly 还不如 Sally Bowles,已经相当接近妓女的地步了。虽然在这部电影还努力粉饰了原著中的同性恋内容,但女主角是怎么赚钱的不是很清楚吗?观众心里清楚得很。直到1990年,Pretty Woman 受到女观众的疯狂追捧,人人都艳羡 Julia Roberts 的角色。

主流社会可能是一直都有点妓女光环的(细想东西方社会都有点),虽然同时也鄙视皮肉生意。
There was nothing to warn anyone about. The world went on, even as it fell apart, changed irrevocably, became something strange and different. --- "Acceptance" in The Southern Reach Trilogy by Jeff VanderMeer

豪情
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Re: [读书] Isherwood: 柏林故事

Post by 豪情 » 2020-12-21 15:55

女性不独立,妓女和gold digger差别也并不大。恩格斯说婚姻是长期的卖淫, 这也没多久以前。皮肉生意被鄙视只是因为卖的最廉价吧,不是因为财色交换。
却将万字平戎策 换得东家种树书

Knowing
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Re: [读书] Isherwood: 柏林故事

Post by Knowing » 2020-12-21 16:53

女性没有独立的权利,钱性交易还算是比较接近男女关系里挂着浪漫面纱的恋爱阶段,结婚以后就纯压榨女性劳动了:做家务生养孩子管理仆人管理产业照顾男性的一切需要。难道要白女们向往当管家保姆仆人,编织美丽的文学作品:我是个好管家,一眼被老爷看中了,霸道的说:来给我熨衬衫带孩子做饭洗碗吧!包吃包住!
Nevertheless, she persisted.

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Re: [读书] Isherwood: 柏林故事

Post by messer » 2021-01-05 15:41

我我我也跑去看了柏林故事。 Sally Bowles 真的很像 Holly Golightly啊!

我看这个书的时候格格巫很警惕地盯着我说,你为啥要看这个书?你在找批判我们的材料吗? :mrgreen: 我看完了觉得还好啊,人家那时候比他们放浪形骸多了,纳粹来了舞照跳马照跑,哪像他那堆朋友每天捧着手机看新增感染数是多少。 :mrgreen:

豪情
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Re: [读书] Isherwood: 柏林故事

Post by 豪情 » 2021-01-05 15:51

Knowing wrote:
2020-12-21 16:53
女性没有独立的权利,钱性交易还算是比较接近男女关系里挂着浪漫面纱的恋爱阶段,结婚以后就纯压榨女性劳动了:做家务生养孩子管理仆人管理产业照顾男性的一切需要。难道要白女们向往当管家保姆仆人,编织美丽的文学作品:我是个好管家,一眼被老爷看中了,霸道的说:来给我熨衬衫带孩子做饭洗碗吧!包吃包住!
如果只有当管家的选择当然要攀最高的枝。然而时代已经不同了。
却将万字平戎策 换得东家种树书

Jun
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Re: [读书] Isherwood: 柏林故事

Post by Jun » 2021-01-05 16:43

messer wrote:
2021-01-05 15:41
我看这个书的时候格格巫很警惕地盯着我说,你为啥要看这个书?你在找批判我们的材料吗? :mrgreen: 我看完了觉得还好啊,人家那时候比他们放浪形骸多了,纳粹来了舞照跳马照跑,哪像他那堆朋友每天捧着手机看新增感染数是多少。 :mrgreen:
小说集后面有个故事描写一个特有钱的犹太弯男,也挺有意思的。
There was nothing to warn anyone about. The world went on, even as it fell apart, changed irrevocably, became something strange and different. --- "Acceptance" in The Southern Reach Trilogy by Jeff VanderMeer

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Re: [读书] Isherwood: 柏林故事

Post by messer » 2021-01-06 13:24

小说集后面有个故事描写一个特有钱的犹太弯男,也挺有意思的。
但我一个号称gay dar很灵的人楞是没有看出英国人的弯弯绕啊,你是怎么看出这个人是弯的的?!他们什么也没干啊... :let_me_die:

但换句话说...大老晚上的跑人家里去干什么呢...不过我也认识一些这样的怪人...嗯,还是我不懂! :let_me_die:

Jun
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Re: [读书] Isherwood: 柏林故事

Post by Jun » 2021-01-07 13:52

messer wrote:
2021-01-06 13:24
但我一个号称gay dar很灵的人楞是没有看出英国人的弯弯绕啊,你是怎么看出这个人是弯的的?!他们什么也没干啊... :let_me_die:

但换句话说...大老晚上的跑人家里去干什么呢...不过我也认识一些这样的怪人...嗯,还是我不懂! :let_me_die:
我认为这本书描写的男人基本上都弯的 ... 吧?

例如湖边休假的那个故事,神经质英国男 Peter 和纯肉体德国少年 Otto 之间的感情纠葛、争风吃醋那是非常典型了,就差捅破一张纸直接告诉读者他俩是情人了。

犹太富家少爷 Bernhard 看上去似乎很冷淡,但是频频邀请作者跟自己独处,尤其是夜里在湖边吐露童年往事,心灵创伤,这也太暧昧了吧!
There was nothing to warn anyone about. The world went on, even as it fell apart, changed irrevocably, became something strange and different. --- "Acceptance" in The Southern Reach Trilogy by Jeff VanderMeer

simonsun
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Re: [读书] Isherwood: 柏林故事

Post by simonsun » 2021-01-07 14:04

你们都是……腐女看人弯! :lol:
Violent delights.

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Re: [读书] Isherwood: 柏林故事

Post by 笑嘻嘻 » 2021-01-07 14:09

所以直男也是这样的?
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